Prebiotics vs. Probiotics
You have probably heard the term prebiotics and probiotics before but what is the real difference between the two?
Prebiotics and probiotics are both necessary for a healthy gut, however, they play different roles.
To make it simple to understand, prebiotics are found in the foods we consume in our diet. While humans are not able to digest the fiber from prebiotics, our gut microbiome can. They work to feed your good bacteria by adding rich, highly satiating complex carbohydrates, or pre-biotics, to your gut. These complex carbohydrates then go through a fermentation process that feeds the friendly bacteria in your gut by producing short-chain fatty acids such as butyrate, acetate, and propionate.
Prebiotics help to support our body's digestion and immune function.
Prebiotics are found in:
Probiotics are the actual live microorganisms that are inoculated in our gut microbiome. They line the digestive tract and support the body’s ability to absorb nutrients. These can be found in fermented foods or supplements.
Fermented foods include:
Kefir (dairy and/or coconut water) Yogurt (dairy or non-dairy)
Consuming both prebiotics and probiotics are an important part of keeping gut health in check!
Simple ways to include more prebiotic and probiotic-rich foods:
Include fresh or frozen vegetables at each meal
Snack on fruit and nuts
Top toast or salads with kimchi or sauerkraut
Need a place to start?
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Topics covered include:
Probiotics and prebiotics
Foods to avoid
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Food intolerances vs. food allergies
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Written by: Luciana Perasso, M.S, R.D.N
NextGeneration Nutrition Registered Dietitian
Jessica Mantell M.S., C.N.S., L.D.N.
CEO & Founder of NextGeneration Nutrition
NextGeneration Nutrition believes that better health should be accessible to everyone and that we all are able to improve our health through good nutrition, physical activity, and lifestyle change. We do not support setting shame-based goals but encourage embracing our bodies, genetics, and personality. Our philosophy is abandoning the “One Size Fits All” mentality to create a personalized wellness plan based on your biological makeup and your lifestyle.
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